Minecraft Bedrock Edition – Ubuntu Dedicated Server Guide

Minecraft Bedrock Edition Logo
Minecraft: Bedrock Edition Logo

Minecraft Bedrock Edition is the version of Minecraft that powers the iPhone / Android versions (formerly Minecraft Pocket Edition), the Xbox / PlayStation / Nintendo Switch editions and the free Windows 10 Minecraft edition.

Mojang has released a dedicated server which is considered to be in alpha testing.  I have found it to be very stable and able to run on a wide variety of hardware.

This script and guide are written to help you get a robust Minecraft Bedrock dedicated server up and running in only a few minutes!

This is the standalone version. The easiest and most problem-free way to run this is using Docker (installed as simply as sudo apt install docker.io): Legendary Minecraft Bedrock Container

UPDATE 8/8/2022 – I’ve also released a way for Java and Bedrock players to play on the same server using Geyser: Minecraft Java + Bedrock Server Together – Geyser + Floodgate

Features

  • Sets up the official Minecraft Bedrock Server (currently in alpha testing)
  • Fully operational Minecraft Bedrock edition server in a couple of minutes
  • Ubuntu / Debian distributions supported
  • Sets up Minecraft as a system service with option to autostart at boot
  • Automatic backups when server restarts
  • Supports multiple instances — you can run multiple Bedrock servers on the same system
  • Updates automatically to the latest or user-defined version when server is started
  • Easy control of server with start.sh, stop.sh and restart.sh scripts
  • Adds logging with timestamps to “logs” directory
  • Optional scheduled daily restart of server using cron

Requirements

  • A computer with a 64 bit processor (if you are trying to use ARM read my article on the limitations). 32 bit binaries of the official server are not available so it needs to be 64 bit!
  • 1 GB of RAM or higher
  • The only officially supported platform by Microsoft is Ubuntu 22.04 / 20.04 (current LTS, recommended)
  • Other Linux flavors supported by this script as well as long as they use systemd (for the service). The script assumes apt is installed but there are minimal dependencies so you could install these on another distro (that doesn’t have apt present) and use the script normally.

Recommended Gear

Game Editions

Minecraft: Bedrock Edition is the “Windows 10” version of Minecraft as well as the version of Minecraft on the Xbox / Playstation / Switch. The versions of Minecraft for Android and iOS are also the Bedrock edition.

All of these versions support cross-platform play with each other (but not with the Java edition).

Minecraft Bedrock Digital Code
Minecraft Bedrock Digital Code

This is the PC Minecraft for Windows 10 (Bedrock) edition of Minecraft. It is able to play cross-platform with other players on Android / iOS / Playstation / Xbox / Switch. Available as a code that is instantly activated to give you permanent access to the game!

Links: Amazon.com*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*

Minecraft Bedrock Playstation
Minecraft Bedrock Playstation

The Sony PlayStation version of Minecraft: Bedrock edition.

Links: Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

Minecraft Bedrock Nintendo Switch
Minecraft Bedrock Nintendo Switch

This is the Nintendo Switch version of Minecraft: Bedrock edition.

Links: Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

Minecraft Bedrock Xbox One
Minecraft Bedrock Xbox One

This is the Microsoft Xbox version of Minecraft: Bedrock edition.

Links: Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.sg*

Recommended Storage (Solid State Drive)

I strongly recommend a Solid State drive (SSD) for your server. This is because Minecraft is constantly reading/storing chunks to the disk which makes I/O performance very important.

These are much cheaper than they used to be. Here’s a decent 120 GB one (higher capacity options are available) at a very low price:

Kingston A400 SSD
Kingston A400 2.5″ SATA SSD

The Kingston A400 is reliable, widely available around the world, has low power requirements and performs very well. It’s also very affordable. This drive has been benchmarked over 1000 times at Pi Benchmarks and is the #1 most popular SSD among the community!

Links: AliExpress*, Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

If you have a M.2 NVME slot in your motherboard you can go with a high end drive. This will give your server maximum performance even if a large number of players are running around on the server changing blocks and triggering disk writes.

This is the one I have in my machine. These range from 250 GB to 2 TB depending on how big your server might grow:

The Samsung 980 Pro (NVMe) is a professional grade SSD and one of the fastest in the world. The Samsung NVMe drives have been at the top of this category for a long time and are well trusted for both their performance and reliability / long life.

Links: AliExpress*, Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

Computer / CPU / Memory

Almost any PC made in the last few years will be a x86_64 bit computer. If you have an older computer around that isn’t being used then it will most likely have the right CPU and amount of memory (as well as fast storage) to run a basic server.

Throwing a SSD in one of these older computers will provide an excellent server experience for small and larger player counts.

The speed of your storage will make the largest difference. Older HDDs are going to have significantly slower performance than any modern SSD even with all other hardware equal. This is because the Minecraft server is constantly reading/writing chunks of your world as well as updates to it to the disk so this tends to be the bottleneck.

Operating System

I highly recommend using Ubuntu Server to run the Minecraft dedicated server. It is available here.

At the time of writing the current version is Ubuntu Server 20.04. This is a secure and robust operating system and will leave plenty of resources available for the server to run.

The script should run on any Debian based flavor of Linux but since the Minecraft Bedrock server is compiled natively for Ubuntu I recommend sticking with it. If you have a GUI flavor of Ubuntu and a decent PC (>= 2 GB of RAM) the server will work just fine on it.

Note: People have reported in the comments that Ubuntu 16.x is no longer working with the latest official Mojang binaries. Ubuntu 18.04 is the minimum requirement for the latest versions, and 20.04 is recommended!

Installation

Log into your Linux server either using SSH or a mouse and keyboard and paste/type the following command:

curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/MinecraftBedrockServer/master/SetupMinecraft.sh | bash

The script will setup the Minecraft sever and ask you some questions on how to configure it. I’ll explain here what they mean.

The first question will be the installation path. This is the root installation path for ALL servers you will have. If you add additional servers later you should select the exact same installation path. It should always be left as the default (~).

The only exception is if you have something like a completely dedicated disk for the Minecraft server. In that case you should always use the same root path of /mnt/yourdrive or wherever the path is for every new/additional server you install.

“Start Minecraft server at startup automatically (y/n)?” – This will set the Minecraft service to start automatically when your server boots. This is a great option to set up a Minecraft server that is always available.

“Automatically restart and backup server at 4am daily (y/n)?” – This will add a cron job to the server that reboots the server every day at 4am. This is great because every time the server restarts it backs up the server and updates to the latest version. See the “Scheduled Daily Reboots” section below for information on how to customize the time or remove the reboot.

That is it for the setup script. The server will finish configuring and start!

First Run

The server will start up and start displaying output to the console.

[2019-03-30 20:25:12 INFO] Starting Server
[2019-03-30 20:25:12 INFO] Version 1.10.0.7
[2019-03-30 20:25:12 INFO] Level Name: Bedrock level
[2019-03-30 20:25:12 INFO] Game mode: 0 Survival
[2019-03-30 20:25:12 INFO] Difficulty: 1 EASY
[2019-03-30 20:25:20 INFO] IPv4 supported, port: 19132
[2019-03-30 20:25:20 INFO] IPv6 supported, port: 19133
[2019-03-30 20:25:23 INFO] Server started.

Once you see the “Server started” line you will be able to connect from the client.

To add the server to the client open Minecraft and click “Play”. Then at the top of the screen select the “Servers” tab and click “Add Server”.

This will ask you for a Server Name and Server IP Address. For the name you can put anything and for the server IP address put the address of your Linux server. Leave the port as the default 19132. For more information on how to let people from outside your network on go to the “Port Forwarding” section below.

Now choose the server you just added in the list and connect!

Start, Stop and Restart Server

The server can be started, stopped and restarted two different ways. You can use the provided scripts in the Minecraft folder or you can use systemctl. Here are the commands:

cd ~/minecraftbe
./start.sh
./stop.sh
./restart.sh

-OR-

sudo systemctl start minecraftbe
sudo systemctl stop minecraftbe
sudo systemctl restart minecraftbe

Automatic Backups

The server backs up each time it starts. This helps you recover easily if something goes wrong. This system works best if you configured the server to restart daily since it means you will have a backup every day.

To access these backups type:

cd ~/minecraftbe/backups
ls

When a backup is made the filename will be the date and time the backup was taken. If you need to restore a backup it’s very easy. Substitute the timestamp in my example to the backup you want to roll back to. Type:

cd ~/minecraftbe
./stop.sh
rm -rf worlds
tar -xf backups/2019.02.15.22.06.30.tar.gz
./start.sh

Your world has now been restored! It’s a good idea to download these backups off the server periodically just in case the server’s storage fails.

Installing Resource Packs / RTX Support

For instructions on how to install resource packs (including optional RTX support) view my step by step Minecraft Bedrock Dedicated Server Resource Packs guide here.

Scheduled Daily Reboots

The daily reboots are scheduled using cron. It’s very easy to customize the time your server restarts.

To change the time that the server restarts type: crontab -e

This will open a window that will ask you to select a text editor (I find nano to be the easiest) and will show the cronjobs scheduled on the server. The Minecraft one will look like the following:

0 4 * * * /home/ubuntu/minecraftbe/restart.sh
Crontab's syntax layout
Crontab’s syntax layout

There are 5 fields here. The default restart time is set to reboot at 0 minutes of the 4th hour of the day (4 AM). The other 3 fields are left as * to represent every day of every month. Make any desired changes here and press Ctrl+X to exit nano and update the cronjob.

To remove the daily reboot simply delete the line and save.

Reconfigure / Update Scripts

The scripts can always be reconfigured and updated by downloading the latest SetupMinecraft.sh and running the installer again. It will update all of the scripts in the Minecraft directory and reinstall the startup service for you.

Running SetupMinecraft.sh again will also give you a chance to reconfigure options such as the memory dedicated to the server, daily reboots, starting the server on boot, etc.

This will not overwrite your world or any other data so it is safe to run!

Port Forwarding

If everyone on your server is on the same LAN or WiFi network as you then you don’t need to do this. If you want people to connect from outside your local network then you need to set up port forwarding on your router.

The process for this is different for every router so the best thing to do is just look at your router and find the model # and put that in google with port forwarding for easy instructions on how to do it for your specific router.

You want to forward port 19132. The type of connection is both TCP and UDP. On some routers you need to do both a TCP entry and then a second entry as UDP.

Once you do this people will be able to connect to your Minecraft server through your public IP address. This is different than your local IP which is usually a 192.x.x.x or 10.x.x.x. If you don’t know what that is just go to google and type “what’s my ip” and Google will kindly tell you!

Version Override

You can revert to a previous version with the revert.sh script included in your directory like this:

james@jamesgigabyte-linux:~/minecraftbe/james$ ./revert.sh
Set previous version in version_pin.txt: bedrock-server-1.19.10.20.zip

If you have a specific version you would like to run you can also create version_pin.txt yourself like this:

echo "bedrock-server-1.18.33.02.zip" > version_pin.txt

The version hold can be removed by deleting version_pin.txt. This will allow it to update to the latest version again!

Wired vs. Wireless

Going with an ethernet (wired) connection is going to be faster and more reliable. There’s so much wireless traffic and other interference in the air that running your server on WiFi is not recommended.

Even if it is working great 99% of the time it can ruin your experience very quickly if the WiFi drops for a couple of seconds and you get blown up by a creeper!

All that being said, the server works fine on wireless. The script will work fine as is with a wireless connection.

Benchmarking / Testing Storage

If you’re getting poor performance you may want to run my storage benchmark with:

sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/PiBenchmarks/master/Storage.sh | sudo bash

PC results won’t show up on the site yet (it’s meant for Raspberry Pi) but it will run on Linux just fine and give you a score. If you search for the model of your drive on Pi Benchmarks you can compare your score with others and make sure the drive is performing correctly!

Troubleshooting Note – Oracle Virtual Machines

A very common problem people have with the Oracle Virtual Machine tutorials out there that typically show you how to use a free VM is that the VM is much more difficult to configure than just about any other product / offering out there.

It is because there are several steps you need to take to open the ports on the Oracle VM. You need to both:

  • Set the ingress ports (TCP/UDP) in the Virtual Cloud Network (VCN) security list
  • *and* set the ingress ports in a Network Security Group assigned to your instance

Both of these settings are typically required before you will be able to connect to your VM instance. This is purely configuration related and has nothing to do with the script or the Minecraft server itself.

I do not recommend this platform due to the configuration difficulty but the people who have gone through the pain of configuring an Oracle VM have had good experiences with it after that point. Just keep in mind it’s going to be a rough ride through the configuration for most people.

Troubleshooting Note – Hyper-V

There is a weird bug in Hyper-V that breaks UDP connections on the Minecraft server. The fix for this is that you have to use a Generation 1 VM with the Legacy LAN network driver.

Conclusion

The Minecraft Bedrock Edition dedicated server runs much better than previous third party servers in the past that were missing critical features. The performance is very good even on low end hardware. It has never been easier to set up a Minecraft Bedrock server.

If you have any feedback or suggestions let me know in the comment section. A lot of the changes and developments in this script and guide are directly from readers.

Have fun!

Other Resources

For a guide on how to set up resource packs check out my Minecraft Bedrock Resource Pack guide

If you’re trying to run this on the Raspberry Pi check out the Raspberry Pi specific guide here

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Ryan
Ryan
6 months ago

Hi James, thank you so much for this! As the bedrock version has updated recently, I wonder how can I pack up the world and update the version from 1.18.12 to 1.18.19

Ryan
Ryan
6 months ago

Thx james, I tried to restart it. However, the server is still on 1.18.12, what can I do to update it?

Ryan
Ryan
5 months ago

That really works, thx!

Aiden
Aiden
7 months ago

When I enter commands in my Terminal, They don’t seem to effect the server. For example, I’d like to promote myself to an Operator, so I type “OP MyName”, and it doesn’t do anything…… What am I doing wrong here? I’ve set up a server from scratch before, and the commands worked. I used this shortcut this time, and now they don’t. I can’t see /list either.

GEoff
GEoff
7 months ago

Hi James! Thanks for this, its fantastic! I have been tinkering with a Dell WYSE 3040 thin client as a light server. It works well for my needs, but I ran into a problem! The machine only has 8GB of eMMC disk space, and it’s been filled up. I checked the size of the server root and its only around 500-600 MB. when your configuration does backups/updates, does anything (like the server binaries or something) go elsewhere? I noticed that things like /usr and /var had gotten pretty large.

I’m running headless ubuntu server 21.10.

Geoff
Geoff
7 months ago

Thanks James!

Surprisingly the apt cache was already empty, but I was able to gain back some space with autoremove, and cleaning up some logs (especially the journal that was over a gig alone!) I made some changes to logrotate so hopefully that will sow things down.

I’m also looking now into other options like a minimal install so I start with an extra gig or so free.

Unfortunately with this specific hardware, the only expansion option is USB. so as a last resort I might work with that somehow.

Thanks for your input! It was a truly helpful response where a simple “nope, wasn’t me!” Would be justified 🙂

Toast
Toast
7 months ago

Upon running this script on a fresh Ubuntu on a VPS a Package Configuration prompt appears with the message “daemons using outdated libraries”. I cannot select anything as using the default up and down arrows just makes their text counterparts (eg.”^[[A”) appear. I am not the most familiar with Ubuntu and I can’t figure out how to reopen that prompt. This (i believe) leads to the server being unable to start: the logs file says “error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.1.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory”. Any help with this would be appreciated. Thanks!

Toast
Toast
7 months ago

Hey James,

Unfortunately the same error message happened. Is there a way to install/upgrade libssl manually?

Toast
Toast
7 months ago

Oh my god you are absolutely right – turns out I was running on Ubuntu 22.04 instead of 20.04 this entire time. Genius! It looks like 22.04 doesn’t have the libssl package for some reason, and downgrading the VPS to 20.04 worked perfectly. Thanks a bunch, I hope this helps anyone with a similar problem as well.

Spinnerite
Spinnerite
7 months ago

I just wanted to say I got the script running on Ubuntu server 22.04 using this guide to install the libssl1.1 now my kids are super happy with their Minecraft server.

Toast
Toast
7 months ago

Hello,

I’m wondering if it’s possible to downgrade to a previous version on the server (1.18.30.04 -> 1.18.12.01 specifically). I have the zip file already my downloads folder from the Minecraft server software website. Thanks!

Toast
Toast
7 months ago

Hey James,

Thanks for the very quick reply. I attempted to extract the zip file by disabling the check and using the same code that updates to the specified version. This works, however frequently when someone tries to connect the server crashes on the error message similar to “could not find curl binary, use libcurl.co” (not exact message). After some fiddling I decided it would be best to stop supporting the “frozen in version” bedrock clients entirely Either way, thank you for your advice.

Thurm
Thurm
7 months ago

Hi James, great guide. We’ve been using it for about a month now and it’s been a great experience. That being said, at one point in an effort to get coordinates showing up for everyone, I enabled cheats. I disabled them, but now obviously achievements are disabled too. I have tried editing the level.dat in NBTExplorer to no avail, it just won’t open. Do you know of any other method to edit this type of server’s NBT data so we can get achievements back up and running?

Thurm
Thurm
7 months ago

Yes, I’ve tried using an NBT editor so I can just load up the file and change that “hasBeenLoadedinCreative” line, but for some reason this server’s NBT files won’t load in any NBT editor I’ve seen thus far. I get “The NBT file could not be loaded – ZLIP read failed -3” in NBTExplorer, and that Universal Minecraft Editor software doesn’t like the LDB files that my Ubuntu Server has saved in my worlds folder. It wants a “.mcworld” file.

I can open the NBT in a hex editor but obviously unless I know exactly the lines to change that won’t help. I did figure out the gamerule showcoordinates command back when we were trying to get this to work. I just wanted to know if you knew anything about this script requiring something special to edit NBT files or the ability to export the save as a .mcworld file instead of .LDB files. Let me know, and thanks for replying.

Thurm
Thurm
7 months ago

Thank you so much for the length reply! I did end up getting Universal Minecraft Editor to work by loading the folder rather than the .dat itself, so I’m able to make edits to the level.dat now. I’ve been playing Minecraft for many years so I have lots of experience with both Java and Bedrock. I’m surprised to hear Bedrock would be less popular since that’s the version that all consoles run and is pushed at you by default on PC and game pass as well. I know it’s not as friendly for people who want to mod, but I figured that was probably a small subset of players with how popular the game is at this point.

I know Java would definitely give us more freedom, but we’re using Bedrock as some of our friends are on Xbox/Switch and Java won’t work for us. My current issue is now that my own player/xbox account is unable to earn achievements, but if I join the world with a fresh Xbox user, they can earn them despite me having completely erased all playerdata from the world folder via the UME tool. I’m going to take to Reddit to see if I can get some feedback there. I’ll report back here so there’s a record of a fix if I can figure it out.

Thurm
Thurm
7 months ago

Hey James,

I was able to figure out what the issue was. I first got suspicious when I logged in with a second Xbox account to the server post-edits with Universal Minecraft Editor and was able to earn achievements without any issue. I still couldn’t get it to work on my own account, though. I tried using Pocket Edition on my phone and I was able to earn achievements there, so I knew it couldn’t be tied to my Xbox account. Finally I realized that I wasn’t able to earn any achievements in any world at all on my PC and solved it. I had run a PowerShell script from Chris Titus Tech that disables telemetry in Windows. An inadvertent side effect of this was that UWP apps aren’t able to communicate to Xbox’s servers when an achievement has been earned. I re-enabled telemetry, booted up MC on my PC, and low and behold, all my achievements popped. So I’m glad to report that there’s nothing wrong with the level.dat, and the links you’ve shared do indeed solve the problem across Xbox, PC, and PE versions.

Thanks for your help!

Hansma
Hansma
7 months ago
Reply to  Thurm

I’m a complete idiot when it comes to this, but I managed to get coordinates to show for everyone typing the following when you are in the “screen” (not sure if its called that.. or what its called.. after you type “screen -r #servername#)
Write the following:
gamerule showcoordinates true

Al P
Al P
7 months ago

I just upgraded to Ubuntu Server 22.04, and re-ran the install script but alas, when running start.sh I get.

error while loading shared libraries: libssl.so.1.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

22.04 runs OpenSSL 3.0.2. Any ideas? Not a major issue, but would be nice to fix if possible.

Al P
Al P
7 months ago

Thanks for the excellent reply.

Unfortunately no, it does not run at all. I’ve always been an early adopter, so half expected it to break, but thought I’d at least make you aware of the issue.

Al P
Al P
7 months ago

I tried the apt install libssl1.1 but it doesn’t work. As in apt says it can’t find the package. I found the same post as you and tried that also but no dice. Being a developer myself I stumbled across a post from the Microsoft dotnet core team who have the same issues with dotnet core 3.1 and 5. They basically said, it’s not going to work and they won’t backport a fix. They fixed it in .NET6. All that says to me is they have that attitude towards .NET core, their bread and butter, I’m not sure where bedrock is going to sit.

Matt
Matt
7 months ago

I was able to get around this error by adding the bionic security repo, updating, then installing libssl1.1

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 40976EAF437D05B5
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 3B4FE6ACC0B21F32
echo "deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ bionic-security main" >> /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt update
sudo apt install libssl1.1

Al P
Al P
7 months ago

wget http://nz2.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/pool/main/o/openssl/libssl1.1_1.1.1l-1ubuntu1.2_amd64.deb

sudo dpkg -i libssl1.1_1.1.1l-1ubuntu1.2_amd64.deb

The above worked!

Manually installing the above has got my server running on 22.04.

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