2022 Raspberry Pi Storage Benchmarks

Storage Benchmark #48648
Storage Benchmark #48648

It has been a while since I covered storage benchmarks on the Raspberry Pi because every time I sat down to write it I ended up adding new features to the SBC storage benchmarks web site. I missed my 2021 update for this reason but it’s definitely time to do a hard cut off and give an update. Definitely make sure you check out the Pi Benchmarks web site as it will always give you up to date benchmarks!

There definitely have been some changes since my last coverage of this with the Compute Module 4 now dominating the charts by taking advantage of real NVMe via PCIe adapters to achieve speeds never seen before on the Pi. Let’s get right into it!

Benchmarking / Testing Storage

If you want to verify your drive’s performance you may want to run my storage benchmark with:

sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/PiBenchmarks/master/Storage.sh | sudo bash

If you search for the model of your drive on Pi Benchmarks you can compare your score with others and make sure the drive is performing correctly!

Best Performance

SSD (Solid State Drive)

The fastest performing drives can always be seen on the Pi Benchmarks “Fastest” Page. For this year’s roundup the minimum # of tests to make the list was 10.

The Compute Module 4 has changed the game significantly. The performance “ceiling” on the Pi 4 is something around 10,000-11,000 points or so. This is where you start to bottleneck due to the USB 3.0 bus. On the Compute Module 4 you can bypass USB and use NVMe directly which is allowing people to achieve far beyond the previous USB 3.0 bottleneck!

Due to this the average score is trending above the universal 11,000-12,000 point ceiling for USB 3.0 this year! As more people adopt the Compute Module 4 (or if a Pi is released that supports USB 3.1 or higher) these numbers will continue to rise.

Here’s the drives:

# Brand Link Average Fastest Score Slowest Score Total Benchmarks
1 Intel Optane P4800X Series*
Intel Optane P4800X Series
23,750 25,387 22,357 15
2 Western Digital Black SN850 Series*
Western Digital Black SN850 Series
19,845 23,302 2,766 11
3 Samsung 970 Pro*
Samsung 970 Pro
16,266 28,322 7,332 24
4 Western Digital Black SN750 Series*
Western Digital Black SN750 Series
16,247 27,732 2,219 140
5 Samsung 960 Pro*
Samsung 960 Pro Series
15,502 20,810 8,057 13
6 Western Digital SN520*
Western Digital SN520 SSD
13,963 18,667 7,285 34
7 Western Digital SN530*
Western Digital SN530
13,827* 19,765 6,943 11
8 SKHynix BC511*
SKHynix BC511 Series
13,598 15,854 7,228 12
9 Samsung 980 Series*
Samsung 980 Series
12,808 22,561 1,312 57
10 KingSpec NE Series*
KingSpec NE Series
12,779 18,652 2,757 69

SD Card

The fastest performing SD cards can always be found at the fastest SD cards Pi Benchmarks page.

Application class (A1 and A2) cards continue to dominate and expand their leads on the charts. In 2022 I am comfortable definitively saying you should *not* be using a SD card that is not application with your Pi in 2022.

Application class cards excel at 4k random read/write performance which is the most important metric for operating system disk / application disk performance. Here are the results:

# Brand Link Average Fastest Score Slowest Score Total Benchmarks
1 Kingston Canvas Go! Plus*
Kingston Canvas Go! Plus
1,991 2,769 1,098 112
2 PNY Pro Elite*
PNY Pro Elite SD
1,970 1,986 1,954 12
3 SanDisk Extreme*
SanDisk Extreme SD Card
1,602 1,709 1,349

543

4 SanDisk Extreme Pro*
SanDisk Extreme Pro SD Card
1,673 1,712 712 251
5 Samsung EVO+*
Samsung EVO Plus SD Card
1,599 1,966 1,068 153

Cheap Popular SSDs

It’s comforting to have at least something that hasn’t radically changed in 2022! The results here for the cheapest and most popular SSDs are relatively unchanged here.

# Brand Link Average Fastest Score Slowest Score Total Benchmarks
1 Kingston A400S Series*
Kingston A400S Series
5,964 9,890 1,461 1,915
2 SanDisk SSD Plus Series*
SanDisk SSD Plus Series
5,567 9,244 865 904
3 Crucial BX500 Series*
Crucial BX500 Series
6,230 11,478 1,251 867
4 Kingston A400M Series*
Kingston A400M Series
6,114 13,523 1,529 521
5 Samsung 860 EVO Series*
Samsung 860 EVO Series
6,778 12,954 1,316 515

Other Resources

For information on where to find Pis during the Raspberry Pi shortage check out my Raspberry Pi Shortage Survival Guide

To know the best adapters to use for SSDs (NVMe, M.2 NVMe, M.2 SATA, etc.) check out my Best Storage Adapters for Raspberry Pi guide

For information on benchmarking other SBCs see Benchmarking SBC Storage Performance article

For information on the new PC support for the benchmark see my PC support announcement here

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Adriaan
Adriaan
22 days ago

Is the website pibenchmarks.com out of order at the moment?
I try to reach the website but get an error.

mike91390
mike91390
3 months ago

Bonjour,
Résultats de Test

sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/PiBenchmarks/master/Storage.sh | sudo bash
Crucial P3 Plus 1TB on Raspberry Pi 5 using Geekworm X1001 Pcie

Category Test Result
HDParm Disk Read 842.76 MB/sec
HDParm Cached Disk Read 837.59 MB/sec
DD Disk Write 434 MB/s
FIO 4k random read 215578 IOPS (862315 KB/s)
FIO 4k random write 105567 IOPS (422268 KB/s)
IOZone 4k read 249762 KB/s
IOZone 4k write 280821 KB/s
IOZone 4k random read 87909 KB/s
IOZone 4k random write 344930 KB/s

Score: 66939

Raspberry Pi 5 Model B Rev 1.0
CPU: Cortex-A76 Core: 4 Speed (MHz): 3000
Debian GNU/Linux 12 (bookworm) 6.1.0-rpi8-rpi-2712 #1 SMP PREEMPT Debian 1:6.1.73-1+rpt1 (2024-01-25) aarch64
Modéle: Crucial CT1000P3PSSD8 size: 931.51
Local Storage: total: 931.51 GiB used: 5.74 GiB (0.6%)

Category Test Result
HDParm Disk Read 829.99 MB/sec
HDParm Cached Disk Read 836.29 MB/sec
DD Disk Read 916 MB/s
DD Disk Write 541 MB/s

Noname
Noname
2 months ago

Jesus H Christ, 66,000!

Jon
Jon
5 months ago

Hi James,

Thanks for your software, here is the result for my RPI5 µSD card setup, ran on Ubuntu Server 23.10:

Samsung PRO Ultimate 128 GB UHS-I C10 A2 V30 + RPI5 8GB

Category Test Result
HDParm Disk Read 87.57 MB/sec
HDParm Cached Disk Read 88.96 MB/sec
DD Disk Write 49.2 MB/s
FIO 4k random read 8438 IOPS (33753 KB/s)
FIO 4k random write 1771 IOPS (7086 KB/s)
IOZone 4k read 29198 KB/s
IOZone 4k write 6454 KB/s
IOZone 4k random read 28878 KB/s
IOZone 4k random write 8004 KB/s

Score: 3330