Raspberry Pi Minecraft Server Setup Script w/ Startup Service

Minecraft 1.17 - Caves and Cliffs Update
Minecraft 1.17 – Caves and Cliffs Update

Minecraft 1.17 (Caves and Cliffs Update) is here! This script and guide are written to help you get a great performing Raspberry Pi Minecraft server up and running in only a few minutes.

This is the standalone version. It runs on most flavors of Linux and should work on most architectures as well (arm, aarch64, etc.).

I highly recommend using Docker over the standalone version for most people. Installing Docker is as simple as sudo apt install docker.io. There are 3 Docker options available:

It’s now possible to convert your worlds between Bedrock and Java versions. Check out my guide on Chunker here for more information.


  • Sets up fully operational Minecraft server in a couple of minutes
  • Runs the highly efficient “Paper” Minecraft server
  • Raspbian / Ubuntu / Debian distributions supported
  • Installs and configures OpenJDK 18
  • Sets up Minecraft as a system service with option to autostart at boot
  • Automatic backups to minecraft/backups when server restarts
  • Updates automatically to the latest version when server is started
  • Easy control of server with start.sh, stop.sh and restart.sh scripts
  • Optional scheduled daily restart of Pi using cron


  • Raspberry Pi model with 1 GB of RAM or higher. Basically a Raspberry Pi 2B or higher. (No Zero unfortunately, 512MB is not enough RAM to do this, I’ve tried!)
  • Headless Linux distribution such as Raspbian Buster Lite, Ubuntu Server 18.04.2, or any Debian based distribution (GUI distros can be used at the expense of available RAM and server performance)
  • Solid state drive highly recommended but not required.
    You can get a SSD setup on a Pi for less than most Micro SD cards cost. See my article here for details
  • If using MicroSD you want to be using a high range card otherwise you will really be hurting on IO when the server is reading/writing chunks of terrain! Click here for MicroSD card benchmarks/recommendations.

Recommended Gear

Minecraft Java for PC
Minecraft Java for PC / Mac / Linux*
Raspberry Pi 4
Raspberry Pi 4

The Raspberry Pi 4 is available in different memory configurations all the way up to 8 GB. It’s about the size of a credit card and uses an extremely low amount of power making it ideal for all sorts of projects and ideas!

Links: Amazon.com*, AliExpress*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon*.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

Raspberry Pi 400 Kit
Raspberry Pi 400 Kit

The Raspberry Pi 400 kit includes everything you need for a full Pi 400 desktop build. The Pi 400 is the fastest Raspberry Pi ever released and comes in the form factor of a keyboard!

Links: Amazon.com*, AliExpress*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

Kingston A400 SSD
Kingston A400 2.5″ SATA SSD

The Kingston A400 has been a great drive to use with the Pi for years. It’s reliable, widely available around the world, has low power requirements and performs very well. It’s also very affordable. This drive has been benchmarked over 1000 times at pibenchmarks.com and is the #1 most popular SSD among the Pi community!

Links: AliExpress*, Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

StarTech 2.5" SATA to USB 3.0/3.1 Adapter
StarTech 2.5″ SATA to USB 3.1 Adapter

The USB 3.1 variant of the StarTech 2.5″ SATA adapter works well with the Pi 4. The USB 3.0 variant doesn’t have firmware updates available and is not recommended.

Links: Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

SD Card Setup:

SanDisk Extreme A1
SanDisk Extreme A1

The SanDisk Extreme A1-A2 SD card has the best scoring SD card on Pi Benchmarks for years and is second in popularity only to the SanDisk Ultra (often included in combo kits). The application class (A1) means random I/O speeds (very important when running an OS) have to meet a higher standard. There’s no benefit on the Pi for A2 right now so get whichever is cheaper/available.

Links: AliExpress*, Amazon.com*, Amazon.ca*, Amazon.com.au*, Amazon.co.jp*, Amazon.co.uk*, Amazon.de*, Amazon.es*, Amazon.fr*, Amazon.it*, Amazon.nl*, Amazon.pl*, Amazon.se*, Amazon.sg*

Choosing a Linux Distribution

The most important consideration when choosing which flavor of Linux to run the server on is simple: available RAM. Headless Linux distributions such as Raspbian Lite that don’t have a built in GUI have

Our biggest obstacle when running a Minecraft server on the Pi is available RAM since 1 GB is extremely low for this type of server. To have a playable experience you should not be running anything else on the Pi so all memory is available to be used.

After testing on many different distros I am finding Raspbian Lite and Ubuntu Server 18.04.4 32-bit to be the best choices. These distributions come with very few background processes and have rock solid support and performance.

64-bit vs 32-bit

There’s a lot of discussion in the Pi world about the up and coming aarch64 64-bit distributions vs. armhf 32-bit distributions. They have been and continue to improve dramatically. There are already use cases where 64-bit is far superior such as video encoding, advanced compression, etc.

So how about for running a Minecraft server? I have been testing extensively with Ubuntu Server 18.04 64-bit and the Debian Buster 64-bit. I have consistently had worse performance and stability than on 32-bit versions of the exact same distros.

But how can that be? It’s certainly true that Minecraft servers benefit in CPU performance from 64-bit versions of Java. The answer is actually incredibly simple: memory. The server running on a 64-bit Java Virtual Machine uses a minimum of about 100 MB more memory. This makes perfect sense because 64 bits > 32 bits by definition!

The Raspberry Pi’s 1 GB of memory has been the biggest obstacle for this project since the very beginning. Back when I first went into the Paper Minecraft developer IRC room and told them what I was trying to do I was practically laughed out of the chat room for even thinking of trying this. Most Minecraft server branches including vanilla can’t even start on the Pi because of the limited memory.

For a dedicated Minecraft server on the Pi I very highly recommend staying 32-bit. You will have more available memory which means it will be much faster and more stable. Since memory is our bottleneck the increased CPU throughput does not help us and losing *any* of our memory is disastrous!

If the Raspberry Pi 4 has more memory like we all expect it to this recommendation will change completely. Even 2 GB of memory would make the extra memory that 64-bit uses a non-issue and the CPU throughput performance gains very desirable. For now though stay 32-bit for a Minecraft server!

Tested Distributions

Raspberry Pi OS – It’s Raspbian. It has very low memory usage and is the official distribution of the Raspberry Pi. The server runs very well on this. It’s overall the best choice. The Buster release has made OpenJDK 11 available on it so it’s no longer behind the rest of the distros.

Ubuntu Server 18.04 / 20.04 – Ubuntu Server is my favorite Linux distro. I use it for nearly all of my projects. The performance of the 32-bit armhf version is on par with Raspbian. It’s a great choice! Click here for my Ubuntu setup guide for Raspberry Pi. The 64-bit version is not a fantastic choice and not recommended because of the higher memory usage. Stick with 32-bit and you’ll be a happy camper with Ubuntu Server.

Debian Buster 64-bit – Debian is the distribution Raspbian is based on. This version is a preview of Debian “Buster” which is the successor to Stretch and will be the next version of Raspbian when it is released. I like this distribution but it is currently still unofficial and unsupported. Performance and stability was less than Ubuntu and Raspbian.

Minecraft Server Installation

SSH into your Raspberry Pi and paste the following commands:

curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/RaspberryPiMinecraft/master/SetupMinecraft.sh | bash

The script will setup the Minecraft sever and ask you some questions on how to configure it. I’ll explain here what they mean.

“Enter amount of memory in megabytes to dedicate to the Minecraft server” – The amount of memory that will be dedicated to the Minecraft server. The more the better, but you must leave some room for the operating system background processes.

If you exceed the total available memory either the server will crash or the Pi will get incredibly slow to the point where your SSH session will start timing out. The setup script will make a recommendation to you which is your available memory – 10% for headroom. If you aren’t sure what to put just go with the recommended amount.

Note for Raspberry Pi 4: Currently on 32-bit Raspbian 2700 MB is the maximum that Linux will let us allocate in a 32 bit environment. The script has been updated to check for this as the server will not start if it is set over 2700M on a 32 bit server. 64 bit operating systems will be able to allocate all available memory as Pi 4 support rolls out for them.

“Start Minecraft server at startup automatically (y/n)?” – This will set the Minecraft service to start automatically when your Pi boots. This is great because whenever you want to play you can just plug it in and go without having to SSH in.

“Automatically reboot Pi and update server at 4am daily (y/n)?” – This will add a cron job to the server that reboots the Pi every day at 4am. This is great because every time the server restarts it backs up the server and updates to the latest version. See the “Scheduled Daily Reboots” section below for information on how to customize the time or remove the reboot.

That is it for the setup script. The server will finish configuring and start!

Check Java Version

Sometimes if you have multiple versions of Java installed the wrong version of Java will be selected as the default. If the server didn’t start check that the right version of Java is selected with this command:

sudo update-alternatives --config java

If you get the message “update-alternatives: error: no alternatives for java” then you only have one version of Java installed and can skip to the next section.

If you are presented with a list of choices then your machine has multiple versions of Java installed. It will look like this:

update-alternatives: warning: /etc/alternatives/java has been changed (manually or by a script); switching to manual updates only
There are 2 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java).

  Selection    Path                                            Priority   Status
  0            /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java      1101      auto mode
  1            /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java      1101      manual mode
  2            /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java   1081      manual mode

You will usually want to just select the newest version of OpenJDK that is listed so you would type 0 and press enter. In some cases on some platforms you may want to switch to the official Oracle JDK although I strongly recommend sticking with OpenJDK!

First Run

The first time you run the server it will take a little longer to start since it is generating all the server data. If you try to log in before it fully starts you will get a connection timeout error. Watch for the line: “Timings Reset”. This is the last line that prints when the server is ready to rock and roll. At this point you will be able to connect successfully.

The very first time you log into the server it will be slow for about 1-2 minutes. This is because since nobody has logged in before the server has to scramble to generate all the chunks within your view distance (10 by default) and send them to you/store them. During this time you may not be able to see very far and if you try to destroy blocks there will be noticeable lag from when they break to when they actually disappear.

Don’t panic! This will go away within a couple of minutes as the Pi catches up with all the first time login stuff it needs to do. Performance stabilizes and it will feel very much like the offline experience after that.

If you are hosting for a few friends I’d recommend logging in for the first time right after you set up the server instead of having several people nail a blank server at first startup. This gets it out of the way and when everyone is ready to log in the starting area chunks will be fully fleshed out and the Pi just has to read them. It’s an order of magnitude faster for the Pi to read chunks than to generate and store chunks.

In my experience after the initial login exploring new parts of the server doesn’t cause any lag even though new chunks are being generated. The reason for this is that when you’re walking it’s really only having to generate a new chunk as you get close to the border instead of a huge square area of chunks in all directions and all at the same time like during the first login.

Benchmarking / Testing Storage

If you’re getting poor performance or just want to verify everything is working correctly you may want to run my storage benchmark with:

sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/PiBenchmarks/master/Storage.sh | sudo bash

If you search for the model of your drive on pibenchmarks.com you can compare your score with others and make sure the drive is performing correctly!

Changing Minecraft Server Version

To override the default version let’s grab a copy of the script locally:

wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/RaspberryPiMinecraft/master/SetupMinecraft.sh 
nano SetupMinecraft.sh

Now make these changes from inside nano:


Now press Ctrl+X to exit nano and answer “y” to save. Now let’s run the script:

chmod +x SetupMinecraft.sh

And the setup will run and install the version of Minecraft you set at the top of the file!

Changing Minecraft Client Version

If you are wisely running the “stable” branch instead of the “development” branch there will be times where you need to select the version of Minecraft to run otherwise you will get an error message that your client is outdated when you try to log in.

Fortunately this is very easy. Open up the Minecraft launcher and instead of hitting “Play” choose “Launch Options” in the menu at the top of the window. It will look like this:

Minecraft launch options
Minecraft Launcher “Launch Options” Tab

Click the “Add new” button and pick which version you want to add. You can optionally gave it a name or just click save.

Now when you go back to the “News” tab you will see a dropdown arrow where you can select which version of Minecraft you want to play!

Start, Stop and Restart Server

The server can be started, stopped and restarted two different ways. You can use the provided scripts in the Minecraft folder or you can use systemctl. Here are the commands:

cd ~/minecraft


sudo systemctl start minecraft
sudo systemctl stop minecraft
sudo systemctl restart minecraft

Automatic Backups

The server backs up each time it starts. This helps you recover easily if something goes wrong. This system works best if you configured the server to restart daily since it means you will have a backup every day.

To access these backups type:

cd ~/minecraft/backups

When a backup is made the filename will be the date and time the backup was taken. If you need to restore a backup it’s very easy. Substitute the timestamp in my example to the backup you want to roll back to. Type:

cd ~/minecraft
rm -rf world world_nether world_the_end
tar -xf backups/2019.

Your world has now been restored! It’s a good idea to download these backups off the Pi periodically just in case the Pi’s storage fails.

Scheduled Daily Reboots

The daily reboots are scheduled using cron. It’s very easy to customize the time your server restarts.

To change the time that the server restarts type: crontab -e

This will open a window that will ask you to select a text editor (I find nano to be the easiest) and will show the cronjobs scheduled on the Pi. The Minecraft one will look like the following:

0 4 * * * /home/ubuntu/minecraft/restart.sh
cron options

There are 5 fields here. The default restart time is set to reboot at 0 minutes of the 4th hour of the day (4 AM). The other 3 fields are left as * to represent every day of every month. Make any desired changes here and press Ctrl+X to exit nano and update the cronjob.

To remove the daily reboot simply delete the line and save.

Installing Mods / Plugins

The server supports plugins that are compatible with Bukkit / Spigot / Paper. A popular place that you can get plugins is at dev.bukkit.org where there are thousands of them!

To install a plugin you simply download the .jar to the minecraft/plugins folder and restart the server. For example, WorldGuard is a very popular plugin that lets you add protection to different areas of your server.

To install this plugin on our Minecraft server we would use the following commands:

cd ~/minecraft/plugins
curl -H "Accept-Encoding: identity" -H "Accept-Language: en" -L -A "Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/ Safari/537.36" -o worldguard.jar https://dev.bukkit.org/projects/worldguard/files/latest
sudo systemctl restart minecraft

The reason the middle line is so long is that “robots” (roughly anything that isn’t a web browser being used by a user in this context) including scripts and utilities are blocked by the Bukkit server. The extra parameters we’re including in this line will add the location (-L) flag as well as a user agent and an identity / language header which will allow us to fetch the files without getting a 403 forbidden error.

Make sure to change “-o worldguard.jar” (second to last parameter) and the URL (very last parameter) to match the project you want to download.

The server will restart and the plugin will be installed. It’s that simple! To use the plugin refer to the documentation on the plugin download page to find out which commands you use to configure/interact with it.

Warning: be advised that plugins are the #1 issue for performance degradation on Minecraft servers. This isn’t because all plugins are bad. Some plugins are coded very inefficiently or perform features that require a lot of hooks in the code.

You should be careful about what plugins you install on the server and if you start having bad performance disable your plugins one by one until you find the culprit!

Reconfigure / Update Scripts

The scripts can always be reconfigured and updated by downloading the latest SetupMinecraft.sh and running the installer again. It will update all of the scripts in the Minecraft directory and reinstall the startup service for you.

Running SetupMinecraft.sh again will also give you a chance to reconfigure options such as the memory dedicated to the server, daily reboots, starting the server on boot, etc.

This will not overwrite your world or any other data so it is safe to run!

Port Forwarding

If everyone on your server is on the same LAN or WiFi network as you then you don’t need to do this. If you want people to connect from outside your local network then you need to set up port forwarding on your router.

The process for this is different for every router so the best thing to do is just look at your router and find the model # and put that in google with port forwarding for easy instructions on how to do it for your specific router.

You want to forward port 25565. The type of connection is TCP if your router asks. Once you do this people will be able to connect to your Minecraft server through your public IP address. This is different than your local IP which is usually a 192.x.x.x or 10.x.x.x. If you don’t know what that is just go to google and type “what’s my ip” and Google will kindly tell you!

Wired vs. Wireless

Going with an ethernet (wired) connection is going to be faster and more reliable. There’s so much wireless traffic and other interference in the air that running your server on WiFi is not recommended.

Even if it is working great 99% of the time it can ruin your experience very quickly if the WiFi drops for a couple of seconds and you get blown up by a creeper!

All that being said, the server works fine on wireless. The script will work fine as is with a wireless connection.


PLEASE BACK UP YOUR SERVER FIRST! The server makes automated backups by default for you in the backups folder but I recommend you back up the entire server folder yourself (basically the entire minecraft folder) any time you attempt to upgrade or downgrade. If you need to roll back to older versions it won’t work without a backup from that version or older!

The easiest way to upgrade an installation is to download the latest SetupMinecraft.sh and run it. This will automatically upgrade you to the latest version.

Upgrading and downgrading to versions that aren’t the default the script chooses is pretty simple. Simply change the Version line at the top in the SetupMinecraft.sh script:

# Minecraft Server Installation Script - James A. Chambers - https://jamesachambers.com
# More information at https://jamesachambers.com/raspberry-pi-minecraft-server-script-with-startup-service/
# GitHub Repository: https://github.com/TheRemote/RaspberryPiMinecraft

# Minecraft server version

Edit this file in your favorite text editor (you can use nano or vi on the Pi like nano SetupMinecraft.sh) and change the Minecraft version to what you want.



If you are having problems on a newer version of Minecraft and want to downgrade you can do so using a complete backup of your server before you ran it on a newer version.

The reason you can’t take server data that has been touched by a version such as 1.17 and go back to 1.16 is that the new version adds all sorts of new data types/structures for the new content into your server data files. If you try to roll back the old versions of the Minecraft server will not understand these data types since they didn’t exist in that version and will crash.

As long as you use a backup for your server files from that version (or older) it’s as simple as changing the version in SetupMinecraft.sh just like I show in the “Upgrading” section.

You can upgrade any old version of Minecraft to any version, but again make sure you have a backup first as it is a one way street and you will need that backup if you want to roll back!

Troubleshooting Note – Oracle Virtual Machines

A very common problem people have with the Oracle Virtual Machine tutorials out there that typically show you how to use a free VM is that the VM is much more difficult to configure than just about any other product / offering out there.

It is because there are several steps you need to take to open the ports on the Oracle VM. You need to both:

  • Set the ingress ports (TCP/UDP) in the Virtual Cloud Network (VCN) security list
  • *and* set the ingress ports in a Network Security Group assigned to your instance

Both of these settings are typically required before you will be able to connect to your VM instance. This is purely configuration related and has nothing to do with the script or the Minecraft server itself.

I do not recommend this platform due to the configuration difficulty but the people who have gone through the pain of configuring an Oracle VM have had good experiences with it after that point. Just keep in mind it’s going to be a rough ride through the configuration for most people.

Troubleshooting Note – Hyper-V

There is a weird bug in Hyper-V that breaks UDP connections on the Minecraft server. The fix for this is that you have to use a Generation 1 VM with the Legacy LAN network driver.

Version History

To view the version history check out the GitHub README here:

Update History – RaspberryPiMinecraft – Official GitHub Page

Other Resources

If you’re trying to set up SSD / USB storage booting check out my Raspberry Pi USB booting setup guide

For benchmarks and recommendations on the fastest storage drives/adapters for the Raspberry Pi check out my 2021 Storage Roundup

If you’re having firmware issues and need to update/restore your firmware check out my Raspberry Pi firmware guide here

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3 months ago

Hi James, first of all thank you for all the hard work and the amazing script you provided which I have been using for the past few years. I wanted to ask if there is a possibility that you can make another script for Terraria dedicated server just like this one? It would be much appreciated.
Thank you for your time!

3 months ago

Hi James,

Trying to setup mc server on Ubuntu 64bit os – I’ve had success before on 32 bit OS but the script is running into an issue I believe with generating the minecraft.service file – I’ve check the directory /etc/systemd/system/ and it doesn’t exist. Any suggestions?

My OS details are:

Distributor ID: Ubuntu
Description: Ubuntu 22.04.3 LTS
Release: 22.04
Codename: jammy

OpenJDK version is as follows (also not successful using Openjdk 11 so uninstalled and installed 18)

openjdk version “18.0.2-ea” 2022-07-19
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 18.0.2-ea+9-Ubuntu-222.04)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 18.0.2-ea+9-Ubuntu-222.04, mixed mode, sharing)

Here is the output of command for more info – all successful upto this point:

james@james-desktop:~$ sudo curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/RaspberryPiMinecraft/master/SetupMinecraft.sh | bash


Building the Minecraft server...
Downloading mojang_1.20.2.jar
Applying patches
Starting org.bukkit.craftbukkit.Main
System Info: Java 19 (OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM 19.0.1+10) Host: Linux 5.15.0-1042-raspi (aarch64)
Loading libraries, please wait...
2023-11-04 11:01:28,192 ServerMain WARN Advanced terminal features are not available in this environment
[11:01:55 WARN]: Failed to load eula.txt
[11:01:55 INFO]: You need to agree to the EULA in order to run the server. Go to eula.txt for more info.
Accepting the EULA...
Grabbing start.sh from repository...
Warning: Failed to open the file /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service:
Warning: Permission denied
100 312 100 312 0 0 1125 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 1130
curl: (23) Failure writing output to destination
sed: can't read /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service: No such file or directory
sed: can't read /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service: No such file or directory
Minecraft can automatically start at boot if you wish.
Start Minecraft server at startup automatically (y/n)?y
Failed to enable unit: Unit file minecraft.service does not exist.
Your time zone is currently set to Europe/London. Current system time: Sat 4 Nov 11:02:16 GMT 2023
You can adjust/remove the selected reboot time later by typing crontab -e
Automatically reboot Pi and update server at 4am daily (y/n)?y
Daily reboot scheduled. To change time or remove automatic reboot type crontab -e
Setting server file permissions...
Setup is complete. Starting Minecraft server...
Failed to start minecraft.service: Unit minecraft.service not found.
Server has failed to start after 30 seconds.

7 months ago

Hey James,

quick question. Is it possible to change the script so it gets the latest purpur version? I want to build a gravity duper and it seems that paper doesn`t allow it.

Phantom Cat
Phantom Cat
7 months ago

Hello there!
Thanks for the script that you’ve made.
Our server worked for a year and we decided to add mods to it. we are on 1.19.2. And we are wondering if we can add fabric or forge mods to it because some mods are quite exclusive. Or alternatively, if there’s any way to not use paper and use fabric or forge instead?

We’ve tried to make a fabric server on our own. All the mods and things works, but it seems to fail to stay online for more than a couple of hours, we are not sure what the problem is, but it should be that the server will turn itself off after a while because it runs in the background? we are not particularly sure, because we’ve been using the one you made and it was working perfectly fine.

We’d like to add mods like Create, Double slabs, Vertical slabs, etc.
Please help us,
Many thanks!

Phantom Cat
Phantom Cat
7 months ago

Wonderful! (does that also means that you will make a forge/fabric version as well? ;>>>)

Also, I don’t know if you have any clue about how can I keep the server stay online, do I just put “#/bin/bash” in front of the start.sh? or do I have to do another thing?

7 months ago

Hey Man!
Just wanna say thanks for all of your work and dedication that went into this project, it’s very easy to set up and run. I have been using it on and off for the last 2 years or so.
I have three questions. No. 1: Is it possible to change the auto-restart/update after the setup is done? 2: Is updating your version working properly or would you suggest to wipe the pi and then set it up again with the new version, with backups of course? (i have noticed less RAM being availible when updating). And 3: (out of curiosity) In your original blog you wrote that 64-bit is actually a downgrade when running on 1GB Ram. Now with the Raspi 4 with 8GB, I believe the 64-bit is definitely paying off?

7 months ago

Alright, thanks a lot!
I actually have another question – in the past, i have run the server only on my local network. Now i wanted to play with some friends online, and tried to set up port forwarding. It should be working, but you simply can’t connect from outside. I have worked with port forwarding on other projects in the past, and don’t really think there is a problem with the router-settings (There aren’t really that many settings regarding port forwarding, and as i said, other servers worked fine in the past). Are there settings (firewall?) on the raspberry pi that need to be changed in order to properly set up the server for “public” use? Or maybe change something in the server files?

8 months ago

Hi! So I have tried this multiple times and keep runing into the same error of needing to connect to a terminal.
curl https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TheRemote/RaspberryPiMinecraft/master/SetupMinecraft.sh | bash
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 18430 100 18430 0 0 57774 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 57774
Minecraft Server installation script by James A. Chambers - https://jamesachambers.com/
Version 1.20 will be installed. To change this, open SetupMinecraft.sh and change the "Version" variable to the version you want to install.
Latest version is always available at https://github.com/TheRemote/RaspberryPiMinecraft
Don't forget to set up port forwarding on your router! The default port is 25565
Installing screen, sudo, net-tools, curl...
Get:1 http://archive.raspberrypi.org/debian bullseye InRelease [23.6 kB]
Get:2 http://raspbian.raspberrypi.org/raspbian bullseye InRelease [15.0 kB]
Get:3 http://raspbian.raspberrypi.org/raspbian bullseye/main armhf Packages [13.2 MB]
Get:4 http://archive.raspberrypi.org/debian bullseye/main armhf Packages [316 kB]
Fetched 13.6 MB in 22s (604 kB/s)
Reading package lists... Done
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading state information... Done
net-tools is already the newest version (1.60+git20181103.0eebece-1).
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 13 not upgraded.
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree... Done
Reading state information... Done
The following additional packages will be installed:
Suggested packages:
byobu | screenie | iselect
The following NEW packages will be installed:
libutempter0 screen
0 upgraded, 2 newly installed, 0 to remove and 13 not upgraded.
Need to get 560 kB of archives.
After this operation, 983 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://mirror.pit.teraswitch.com/raspbian/raspbian bullseye/main armhf libutempter0 armhf 1.2.1-2 [8,596 B]
Get:2 http://mirror.pit.teraswitch.com/raspbian/raspbian bullseye/main armhf screen armhf 4.8.0-6 [551 kB]
Fetched 560 kB in 4s (148 kB/s)
Selecting previously unselected package libutempter0:armhf.
(Reading database ... 43857 files and directories currently installed.)
Preparing to unpack .../libutempter0_1.2.1-2_armhf.deb ...
Unpacking libutempter0:armhf (1.2.1-2) ...
Selecting previously unselected package screen.
Preparing to unpack .../screen_4.8.0-6_armhf.deb ...
Unpacking screen (4.8.0-6) ...
Setting up libutempter0:armhf (1.2.1-2) ...
Setting up screen (4.8.0-6) ...
Processing triggers for install-info (6.7.0.dfsg.2-6) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin (2.31-13+rpt2+rpi1+deb11u5) ...
Processing triggers for man-db (2.9.4-2) ...
Creating minecraft server directory...
Installing OpenJDK...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 0
100 43.3M 100 43.3M 0 0 1751k 0 0:00:25 0:00:25 --:--:-- 1078k
OpenJDK installation completed.
Getting total system memory...
Total memory: 922 - Available Memory: 807
Total memory: 922 - Available Memory: 807
Please enter the amount of memory you want to dedicate to the server. A minimum of 700MB is recommended.
You must leave enough left over memory for the operating system to run background processes.
If all memory is exhausted the Minecraft server will either crash or force background processes into the paging file (very slow).
Enter amount of memory in megabytes to dedicate to the Minecraft server (recommended: 407): 750 MB
main: line 115: [[: 750 MB: syntax error in expression (error token is "MB")
main: line 117: [[: 750 MB: syntax error in expression (error token is "MB")
main: line 119: [[: 750 MB: syntax error in expression (error token is "MB")
main: line 112: [[: 750 MB: syntax error in expression (error token is "MB")
main: line 112: [[: 750 MB: syntax error in expression (error token is "MB")
Amount of memory for Minecraft server selected: 750 MB MB
Getting latest Paper Minecraft server...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 109 100 109 0 0 289 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 290
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 41.3M 100 41.3M 0 0 2133k 0 0:00:19 0:00:19 --:--:-- 2336k
Building the Minecraft server...
Invalid maximum heap size: -Xmx750 MBM
Error: Could not create the Java Virtual Machine.
Error: A fatal exception has occurred. Program will exit.
Accepting the EULA...
Grabbing start.sh from repository...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 12104 100 12104 0 0 46733 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 46733
Grabbing stop.sh from repository...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 1631 100 1631 0 0 6063 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 6040
Grabbing restart.sh from repository...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 2207 100 2207 0 0 8792 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 8828
Grabbing fixpermissions.sh from repository...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 826 100 826 0 0 2950 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 2950
Grabbing update.sh from repository...
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 853 100 853 0 0 3453 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 3439
Enter a name for your server...
Server Name: PiLifeSupport
% Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current
Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed
100 312 100 312 0 0 1228 0 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 1228
Minecraft can automatically start at boot if you wish.
Start Minecraft server at startup automatically (y/n)?y
Created symlink /etc/systemd/system/multi-user.target.wants/minecraft.service → /etc/systemd/system/minecraft.service.
Your time zone is currently set to America/New_York. Current system time: Mon 12 Jun 19:56:32 EDT 2023
You can adjust/remove the selected reboot time later by typing crontab -e
Automatically reboot Pi and update server at 4am daily (y/n)?y
no crontab for layton
Daily reboot scheduled. To change time or remove automatic reboot type crontab -e
Setting server file permissions...
Setup is complete. Starting Minecraft server...
Must be connected to a terminal.
Must be connected to a terminal.

9 months ago

Hey James, it’s me again, Robert.

I’ve tried your script on a normal Ubuntu distribution, what should I say, it works perfect! Thanks again for this great work, hopefully you keep it up!
My Minecraftserver for the kids is running on a Pi 4 for last 1 year. Now it is on his limit and I had to bring it on a better hardware 😅

Only want to say, love your work!